Saturday, December 7, 2013

Windows 8 Shortcut Keys

Windows Key : Open the Start Screen
Win + Z : Open Application bar
Win + W : Search in Settings of the system
Win + X : Open Windows Mobility Center
Win + V : Switch among notifications
Win + Shift + V : Switch among notifications (in reverse manner)
Win + U : Open Ease of Access Center
Win + T : Set focus to Taskbar and toggle through Programs
Win + S : Open OneNote Screenshot Creator (If Microsoft Office-OneNote is installed)
Win + R : Open Run dialog box
Win + Q : Open Windows Apps Search
Win + P : Display Projection Options
Win + O : Disable screen rotation / orientation
Win + N : Create new OneNote (If Microsoft Office-OneNote is installed)
Win + M : Minimize all windows
Win + Shift + M : Restore minimized windows
Win + L : Lock your computer
Win + K : Open Device Connections
Win + J : Toggle foreground between the filled and snapped applications
Win + I : Open Settings Panel (To change Settings for the Wireless Networks, Volume, Apps, Brightness or to Shut Down)
Win + H : Open Share Panel
Win + G : Toggle through Windows Desktop Gadgets
Win + F : Search for the Files in Computer
Win + Ctrl + F : Search for Computers in a network
Win + E : Show Windows Explorer with File’s Tree View
Win + D : Toggle “Show Desktop”
Win + C : Open Charms bar
Win + B : Set focus to Notification Area
Win + Enter : Open Windows Narrator
Win + Alt + Enter : Open Media Center (If Media Center is Installed on PC)
Win + Spacebar : Change the Keyboard Layout / Input Language
Win + PageUp : Move Start Screen to the left side of screen
Win + PageDown : Move Start Screen to the right side of screen
Win + Plus : Magnifier Zoom-In
Win + Minus : Magnifier Zoom-Out
Win + Esc : Close Magnifier
Win + Left Arrow : Dock the current window to left half of the screen
Win + Right Arrow : Dock the current window to right half of the screen
Win + Up Arrow : Maximize the currently active window
Win + Down Arrow : Minimize / Restore the currently active window
Win + Shift + Up Arrow : Maximize the currently active window vertically, while maintaining its width
Win + Shift + Down Arrow : Minimize / Restore the currently active window vertically, while maintaining its width
Win + Shift + Left Arrow : Move the currently active window to the left side of monitor
Win + Shift + Right Arrow : Move the currently active window to the right side of monitor
Win + Home : Toggle (Minimize/Maximize) all non-active windows
Windows + number : Launch the program from taskbar sequence (e.g. To open 1st program window, use Windows + 1)
Windows + Shift + number : Launch a new instance of the currently active program from taskbar sequence (e.g. To open an instance of 1st program window, use Windows + Shift + 1)
Win + Break : Display System Properties dialog box
Win + F1 : Open Windows Help and Support
Win + Forward Slash (/) : Initiate IME (Input Method Editor) reconversion
Win + Tab : Toggle through all Applications
Win + Ctrl + Tab : Toggle through Applications and snap them as they cycle
Win + Shift + Tab : Toggle through Applications in reverse order
Win + Dot (.) : Move the gutter to the right
Win + Shift + Dot (.) : Move the gutter to the left
Win + Comma (,) : Look Temporarily at the desktop

Shortcuts starting with Alt Key :

Alt + W : Create a new document or select a template
Alt + V : Paste
Alt + T : Cut
Alt + S + N : Deselect
Alt + S + I : Invert the selection
Alt + S + A : Select all
Alt + R : Rename selected files
Alt + P + S : Insert label
Alt + P + R : Open properties
Alt + P + E : Display “Open With…” dialog box
Alt + N : Create a new folder
Alt + M : Move the files
Alt + H : Show the history of file versions
Alt + E : Edit selected files
Alt + D : Delete selected files or folder
Alt + C + P : Copy path to the file or folder
Alt + C + O : Copy selected items
Alt + A : Open the “special features”
Hope you enjoyed this post, don’t forget commenting your Window 8 Shortcut keys Experience with us .

New Windows 8 Features

Wednesday, November 27, 2013

Installing FileZilla FTP Server

Step 1: Downloading
Before we start you need to download the server install file and install it as you would with any other program. You can get the download from Click the download link for the server (the second download button) not the client. Select the download from the next page and select a mirror to download from.

Because of the way sourceforge works I cannot give a direct link to the download.

Step 2: Installing
When you install the server, you need to tell it to start as a service so when you get to this screen (below) make sure the options are the same as the one in the diagram.


All other screens you get to should be left at the defaults.

Step 3: Configuring the Server
When the program first starts you will be asked to connect to the server with the following screen.

Simply click OK to connect.


When FileZilla starts you will be presented with a screen that looks like this:


Now we are ready to configure it for users and their directories.

Click the button as shown in the diagram below.

You will be presented with the following screen. Click Add and the pop-up box will appear.

Enter a username you want to use into the box and click "OK".

If you want to add a password you can add one in the box shown in the diagram.


Next click the "Shared Folders" tab on the box. You will be presented with the following screen.

Click "Add" and select the drive and folder you want to share. In your case it is likely to be "C:\Program Files\Abyss Web Server\htdocs" but I have chosen "F:\" as an example.

Once you have selected the drive and folder you can select the permissions the user can have. More information on these permissions is in the help file but most are self explanatory.

Now click "OK" and the settings are saved.


That should be it. FileZilla is set up on your computer.

You can access it in Internet Explorer with the address: ftp://your_url_or_ip. Right click and click "Login As" and enter your username and password into the box and click "Login". However I recommend you download a proper client such as FileZilla Client as using Internet Explorer can have undesired effects and problems which a normal client would not.

If you use a client then enter: Server: your url or IP - Username: your username - Password: your password - Port: 21.

Remember you will need to configure your router/modem and firewall to allow port 21 if you havent already. You may also need to allow a port range for the Passive Ports mentioned in the FileZilla FTP Server configuration. You can manually set this range.

If people have trouble connecting to your server, suggest that they disable/enable passive mode in their client or browser. This can often cause trouble.


Thursday, November 14, 2013

Stop Drowning in Email!

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Automatic follow-up reminders
Never forget to follow up. We will notify you when an email you sent was not replied to.
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Some emails should wait. Put them off until tomorrow, or next week, or whenever you're ready – with one click.

Wednesday, October 30, 2013

How to Remove Windows Genuine Advantage Notifications

Windows Genuine Advantage (WGA) notifications occur when your computer hasn't passed the validation test. The validation test can be failed because you installed a pirated non-genuine copy of XP, or because you have changed your XP product key to a software-generated key, or sometimes it just happens for no reason at all. Here's how to get rid of the annoying notifications.

Method 1 of 5: Task Manager

  1. 1
    Run as an administrator with no other user accounts running.
  2. 2
    Launch Windows Task Manager (Processes). Leave it open.
  3. 3
    Navigate to to C:\Windows\System32, and find WgaTray.exe.
  4. 4
    Right-click on WgaTray.exe, and select Delete. Leave the deletion confirmation box open.
  5. 5
    Go back to Windows Task Manager and click Wgatray.exe.
  6. 6
    Click End Process. When you are prompted for a confirmation to terminate the process, align the “End Process” confirmation box with the previous “Delete File” confirmation box, or at least have them close together. Do this because you'll need to do both actions quickly — at least within 2 or 3 seconds.
  7. 7
    Click Yes in both boxes, quickly. Click on Yes on the Task Manager prompt (to “end the process”) and then quickly press Yes on the deletion confirmation (to delete the actual file). You’ll need to repeat this if you miss it.
  8. 8
    Launch the Registry Editor. Click Start, then Run, and enter regedit.
  9. 9
    Browse to the following location:HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon\Notify
  10. 10
    Delete the folder WgaLogon and all its contents.
  11. 11
    Reboot Windows XP.
  12. 12
    Check your work. As a precaution, after you have followed the above instructions:
    • Go to Control Panel > Security Center > Automatic Update Settings.
    • Select the third option, “Notify me but don’t automatically download or install them."
    • Click OK.
    • The next time the “Windows Updates” icon appears in the system tray, click on the icon and it will display a list of available updates. Windows won’t automatically download and install them anymore.
    • If “Windows Genuine Advantage Notification Tool” is there, uncheck it and press enter to download everything else (if you want to). You can right-click to “hide updates” that you don’t want.
    • Select “Don’t notify me about these updates again”, so that they will be ignored every time updates are downloaded.
    • Just remember, from now on, make sure to check the list of downloads so that you don’t install any new versions of this “tool”.

Method 2 of 5: Command Delete

  1. 1
    Try system restore first. If you have only just installed Windows Genuine Advantage notifications, simply using the system restore function will remove the program. Then refuse to accept the WGA update next time Windows updates. Otherwise, proceed as detailed below.
  2. 2
    Open a Command Prompt window. Click on Start, then Run. Type CMD and press OK.
  3. 3
    Change Directory into the System32 Folder. Type "cd \windows\system32" (without quotation marks).
  4. 4
    Open Notepad window. Type the following lines:

    taskkill -IM wgatray.exe

    del wgatray.exe

    del wgalogon.old
  5. 5
    Highlight and copy the three lines above to the Clipboard.
  6. 6
    Paste the contents of the Clipboard to Command Prompt. This should kill the wgatray.exe process from the Taskbar and immediately delete both files wgatray.exe and wgalogon.dll.

Method 3 of 5: Executing a Batch Script

  1. 1
    Right-click on your desktop. Choose New, then Text Document.
    • Enter the name as "remove.bat" without the quotes.
    • A message should appear saying that you are changing a file type. Click Yes. If the message does not appear, and the file icon is a picture of a piece of paper, then you need to enable "show file extensions for known file types" in the Windows Explorer Tools ->Folder Options dialog.
  2. 2
    Right-click on remove.bat and select Edit. Notepad will open.
  3. 3
    Paste the following lines into Notepad, then save and exit:

    taskkill -IM wgatray.exe

    del wgatray.exe

    del wgalogon.old
  4. 4
    Double-click on the remove.bat icon. A command prompt window should briefly appear, then close automatically.

Method 4 of 5: System Tools

  1. 1
    Open System32 by either of the following methods:
    • Click Start, then Run. Type "system32" (without quotes), and click OK.
    • Find system32 manually by clicking Start, My Computer, (C:) (or whatever your drive letter is), WINDOWS, then system32.
  2. 2
    Hide extensions. In system32, go to Tools, then Folder options. Click on the tab, View, and uncheck "Hide extensions for known file types" if it is not already.
  3. 3
    Check to make sure the window that comes up has a full screen of various files. The files are in alphabetical order, which makes it easier to locate the specific file.
  4. 4
    Find WgaLogon.dll. Rename it "WgaLogon.dll.bak" (without quotes).
  5. 5
    Create an empty copy of WgaLogon.dll.
    • Right click on a blank space in system32 and select New, then Text Document.
    • Leave the text document empty and label it "WgaLogon.dll" (without quotes). Press Enter (on your keyboard).
    • You may get a warning from the above step that says, "If you change a file name extension, the file may become unusable. Are you sure you want to change it?" Click Yes on this warning.
  6. 6
    Be ready to complete the next two steps very quickly.
    • Find WgaTray.exe in system32 and delete it.
    • You will then have 5 seconds to find WgaTray.exe in the Task Manager.
    • Note that if you remove the files mentioned above while you are in Safe Mode, the next step is unnecessary.
  7. 7
    Immediately open Task Manager. You can do this three different ways:
    • Press Ctrl, Shift, and Esc simultaneously.
    • Press Ctrl, Alt, and Delete simultaneously.
    • Right click the Taskbar and select Task Manager.
  8. 8
    Click on the process tab and select WgaTray.exe. Click on End Process.
    • Note that if you take longer, do not panic! All that will happen is that WgaTray.exe will keep reappearing in the processes list (i.e. you won't be able to delete it as required). To remove the notifications after this, return to system32. You will find two files:WgaLogon.dll.bak (the one you renamed) and an Application Extension (0KB) called WgaLogon.dll. Delete the Application Extension, rename WgaLogon.dll.bak to WgaLogon.dll and repeat the process at a greater speed, from deleting WgaTray.exe from system32.
  9. 9
    Restart your computer when finished. All the notification messages should be gone.

Method 5 of 5: Renaming

  1. 1
    Open a Command window. Click on Start, then Run. Type CMD and click OK.
  2. 2
    Open Notepad. Click Start, then Run, and type NOTEPAD. Click OK.
  3. 3
    Type or copy the following lines into the Notepad window:

    CD %systemroot%\system32

    rename wgatray.exe wgatray.exe.bak

    rename wgalogon.old wgalogon.old.bak

    rename LegitCheckControl.dll LegitCheckControl.dll.bak

    taskkill /F /T /IM wgatray.exe

    del wgatray.exe.bak

    del wgalogon.old.bak

    del LegitCheckControl.old.bak
  4. 4
    Leave a blank line. Make sure there is a blank line at the end of the text document, right after the last line of text.
  5. 5
    Select all the text (Ctrl-A) and copy to the clipboard (Ctrl-C).
  6. 6
    Paste the clipboard into the CMD window. Right click and select Paste, or Press Ctrl-V.
    • This should kill the wgatray.exe process and delete the files it uses.


  • If task manager processes are moving, click the title of the "image name" row to freeze them.
  • You can also rename WgaTray.exe to WgaTray.exe.bak if you can't remove WgaTray.exe from your Taskbar. Press Ctrl+Shift+Escape to do so.
  • In case WgaTray.exe cannot be deleted, you need to do the following steps: go to Task Manager, click on WgaTray.exe then End task. In the screen that pops up do not click Yes yet. Go to System32 and delete WgaTray.exe with SHIFT+DELETE. Do not click yes on the pop-up screen where you are asked if you really want to delete. Now arrange the two pop-ups very close. Very fast (within 1 second) click yes first on the first pop-up, from Task Manager and then click yes in the pop-up from delete. WgaTray.exe is gone. If it doesn't work (you receive an error), try again, faster. It should work at least for WindowsXP.
  • If you are not using a genuine version you will still receive critical updates.
  • If you don't have a genuine version of Windows, it's better to get it because you will be eligible get non-critical updates, IE7/8, and Media Player 11.
  • This process will only get rid of the notifications, and will not validate your copy of XP. It will remove the timer at the beginning of your XP log on, the white notice on the log on screen, and the annoying yellow star that appears in the bottom right corner of the screen.
  • This is not required for systems older than Windows 2000, as older versions of Windows do not have WGA installed. This list includes Windows 3.1, 95, 98, NT 3.51, and NT4. (WGA now installs for Windows 2000 searching for the most commonly used pirated keys.)
  • If you have problems changing files in the system32 directory, you will have to turn off System Restore. Go to "Start" -> "Control Panel" -> "System" -> "System Restore" and check the "Turn off system restore" check box.
  • The failed validation installs three types of notifications on your computer: one on the log in screen, one log in timer, and one balloon. It also stops updates from Microsoft and disables your ability to install IE7 and Windows Media Player 11. This solution can get rid of all three notifications, even though you will still not be able to update through Windows Update. You will not be able to download things from Microsoft that requires a valid license either.
  • You will not be able to use Automatic Updates anymore; instead, you have to manually update them. In External Links, there is a program that will allow you to update any system, regardless of if it is genuine or not.


  • If you modify the wrong file, you may crash your computer. This can be resolved with a reinstall in the worst case scenario, but if you are new to computers make sure you have a method of reinstalling without loosing your data before you attempt this. A disk image of your system partition and keeping your data on a separate partition is the ideal way of achieving this because of the speed of restoring an image. You can find instructions on drive imaging and reinstalls on here.
  • Do not edit anything but what is told in system32, or it could cause system start up failure.